Sunday, October 7, 2012


27th Sunday in Ordinary Time
Gn 2:18-24
Ps 128
Heb 2:9-11
Mk 10:2-16

Certain readings present particular challenges to a priest.  The readings for this 27th Sunday in Ordinary Time are an example.  Father has several options.

1.         Do a bad Shecky Green imitation and tell a few jokes.
2.         Decide it would be a good Sunday for the deacon to preach.
3.         Ramble on about politics.
4.         Plunge in.

The  Gospel is a perfect illustration of the first thing one hears on day one in Scripture 101:  “One cannot understand or appreciate the New Testament without knowing the Old.”   That explains why Old Testament is offered in the fall semester and New Testament in the winter. 

In today’s Gospel Jesus directly quotes the creation story from the second chapter of Genesis, today's first reading.   This is only one of many times He cites Torah as the basis for his teaching.  Where do we go from here? 

The commentary on today's gospel by Jesuit Fathers Donahue and Harrington begins:  “In the context of the journey narrative Mark presents Jesus’ radical teachings on marriage and divorce.”  Radical is the key word.  This teaching on divorce is as radical, challenging, and difficult today as it was when Jesus defeated the Pharisees' cynical challenge.  The reasons for Jesus' teaching being seen as radical have changed but the radical nature persists.  This radical nature is the best evidence that these are, in fact, His words

In Ancient Near East society marriages were arranged for financial and social reasons.  After the couple was engaged they got to know each other under supervision before the woman moved into the man’s—or his father’s—home.  This is plainly laid out in the first chapter of Matthew that describes Joseph’s plan to divorce Mary quietly.  The marriage ceremony itself involved signing legal documents.

In their attempt to trap Jesus into giving deviant teaching on marriage and divorce, the Pharisees alluded to two texts in Deuteronomy regarding divorce. Jesus, on his part, cited more ancient teaching from Genesis, part of which was proclaimed here, as expressing God’s original plan:  and the two shall become one flesh.”   Then He elaborated and extended the teaching:  “Therefore, what God has joined together, no human must separate.”   Just fifteen days ago, I repeated this charge after the giving of consent at the nuptial Mass of a former student in Gladwyne, PA. It was a solemn moment.  In the Ancient Near East divorce was the exclusive prerogative of the husband.  The procedure was simple.  The husband gave his wife a certificate of divorce and sent her away.  She was now free to marry someone else.   Donahue and Harrington again, “In a society in which divorce was widely accepted and the controversial issue was the grounds for divorce Jesus’ teaching about no divorce went against custom and the cultural grain.”  Truly, the more things change the more the stay the same. 

The early Church struggled with the question of divorce as mightily as we do today.  There is Paul’s advice to those who found themselves in “mixed marriages.” And the “exceptive clauses” found in Matthew which permit divorce
for porneia or, what is translated as, unchastity.  Now, if you want to have some fun with a bunch of scripture scholars, ask them over drinks exactly what porneia means.  Like the American Express ads, Priceless.  We continue to struggle  with the question of divorce today.  Commentators ask challenging questions about Jesus’ teaching:

“Is it an ideal to strive for, a challenge to be faced, an extreme example, or divine law?”

“Which part of the New Testament evidence is more important: Jesus’ absolute prohibition or the exceptions introduced by Paul and Matthew?”

“How is Jesus’ teaching best actualized?”

There are marriages that should and must end.  Many of those never should have been entered into in the first place.  One doesn’t have to be a psychiatrist to recognize that though it does help.  One of the saddest, and most infuriating, examples of misusing and abusing Church teaching on divorce comes from Spencer Tracy. 

Spencer Tracy carried on a twenty-five year long adulterous affair with Katherine Hepburn.  The adultery continued until his death.  His death also ended his 44 year-long marriage to his Episcopalian wife.  As several sources confirm he wouldn’t divorce her because of his QUOTE staunch Catholicism UNQUOTE.  Apparently adultery posed no problem to that staunch Catholicism.   A challenge today is those who see this, and other stories like it, as great romantic epics, when, in fact, they are merely tawdry affairs.   

There were two options for this Gospel.  The short versions ends with the teaching on divorce. The longer form includes the passage about children.  It is appropriate to continue the reading because of the comment on the nature of power and the Kingdom of Heaven. 

“Whoever does not accept the Kingdom of God like a child will not enter it.”

Children in the Ancient Near East had no social standing whatsoever.  They were possessions without influence or rights.  In contrast to 21st century America their whims did not rule family life.  Whenever Jesus uses a child as an illustration He is not presenting childhood in the modern romantic ideal as innocent, unspoiled, dewy-eyed—think Hummel figurine.  Rather, He is emphasizing that social standing, wealth, and power have nothing to do with the Kingdom of Heaven. 

He who has the most toys when he dies has no advantage over the one who never had a toy during life.  If the relentless pursuit of those toys damaged or scandalized others, think Bernie Madoff or Spencer Tracy, the ultimate result is damning. 

The responsorial psalm describes the ideal:

Blessed are you who fear the LORD,
who walk in his ways!
For you shall eat the fruit of your handiwork;
blessed shall you be, and favored

May the Lord bless us all the days of our lives. 
It is autumn in New England.  After a few warm days and cool nights the temp dropped into the forties last night.  It will not get out of the fifties during the day.  It is cool, crisp and cloudy; conditions that make up my definition of a perfect autumn day.   I went for a walk through the cemetery after the 10 AM Mass reveling in the aromas of autumn.  

It is the Columbus Day weekend.  As I drove home from Newton on Friday afternoon the traffic seemed already heavy at 3 PM.  It got worse.  A fatal traffic accident due in part to the very bizarre custom in MA (legal apparently) of driving on the shoulder during rush hour backed up traffic on 495 for 41 miles.   Nothing is more disconcerting than being in the right lane and having a few Bostonians speed (do they drive any other way?) by on the shoulder.  

Around 7:15 PM on Friday I was walking down the hall by the office.  Two men came in.  One was a deacon in the Augustinians of the Assumption who came here for his retreat.  The other drove.  The trip from Worcester took 2 hours 45 minutes.  It is normally under an hour.  They were fried and hungry.  Tomorrow should be interesting on the highways.  

Photos are random.  If the sun comes out tomorrow as promised I may go to the roof with the tripod, a task that will be more than a little challenging, to take photos of the early leaf change.  

The first two are of a cross on a church steeple.  They were taken about 2 minutes apart.  I liked the shapes against the clear sky.  One was taken with the camera facing west (top) and the other with the camera facing east.  

The shot below is communion during the Campion Jesuit Family Mass.  The place was SRO.  This is an annual lunch to which the men can invite whomever and however many family they wish.  It was a great success because unlike previous years it was planned for indoors.  The weather was wretched for an outdoor lunch.  
Back to Taiwan (I wish).
The first shows that one can use a construction caused stop creatively.  We were stopped just as we were exited a tunnel.  Where we were and from whence we came all in one shot. 
A bit further up the mountain we drove by this pear orchard in which each pear was wrapped in the kind of tissue used to pack sweaters in gift boxes from better department stores.  I suspect the pears were not inexpensive. 
This last is one of the best shots I ever took, at least in my mind.  Certainly I am drawn to it because of the experience in January 2011.  Ignatius and I went to Sun Moon Lake, my favorite place on earth to relax, a few days before I headed to Sydney.  By the time we reached the top of Ci-en Pagoda the sun was setting and the temperature dropping rapidly.  Is it a good photo because of the composition, play of light, the splash of color, or because it recalls what was a perfect day?  
+Fr. Jack, SJ, MD

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